Bài tập tổng hợp: Câu điều kiện và wish

A. Hãy hoàn thành bản tin thời sự sau. Điền dạng đúng của động từ. Đôi khi bạn cần dùng “will” hoặc “would”

Yesterday protesters managed to hold up work on the Portmeirion bypass. Protest leader Betty Green defended the action by members of the One World group. “If we don’t protest, soon (►) there’ll be (there / be) no countryside left,” she told reporters. The bypass is now well behind schedule, and if the protesters had not held up the work so often, (1)………………………. (it / open) two months ago. “If these fields (2)……………………….... (disappear), we’ll never see them again”, said Ms Green. “Why can’t we use public transport? If more people (3)……………………… (travel) on buses and trains, we wouldn’t need new roads. If the motor car had never existed, the world (4)………………………(be) a more pleasant place today”.

But many people in Portmeirion want their new bypass. “If (5)………………………. (they / not build) it soon, the traffic jams in the town will get worse”, said Jim Brown, whose house is beside the busy A20. “We just can’t leave things as they are. If things remained the same, peoples health (6)……………………….. (suffer) even more from all the pollution here. It’s terrible. If we don’t get the traffic out of the town, (7)………………………. (I / go) mad. If (8)………………………. (I / know) earlier how bad this problem would get, (9)………………………. (I / move) out years ago. But now it has become impossible to sell this house because of the traffic. The government waited too long. If (10)……………………….. (they / do) something sooner, there would be less traffic today”. And the protest is making the new road even more expensive. “If this goes on, (11) …………………….. ... (there / not / be) enough money left to finish the road,” says the Transport Minister.


B. Hãy xem các trả lời bên dưới để chọn và viết đáp án đúng vào mỗi chỗ trống.

► A: There’s always something going wrong with this car.
B: If you had any sense, you’d have sold it long ago.
a) be selling b) have sold c) sell d) sold

1 A: It’s a pity the lake wasn’t frozen yesterday.
B: Yes, it is. If it ......................... frozen, we could have gone skating.
a) had been b) was c) would be d) would have been

2 A: Haven’t you got enough money for a holiday?
B: Oh yes. I’ve got some saved up ................ ………… I suddenly need it.
a) if b) in case c) that d) unless

3 A: What are you going to do next year?
B: I wish I …………………. the answer to that question.
a) knew b) know c) could know d) would know

4 A: These figures are too complicated to work out in your head.
B: Yes, if ……………………… we had a calculator.
a) better b) only c) really d) that

5 A: What are you doing later this afternoon?
B: Oh, ………………….......the game finishes, I’ll go home, I expect.
a) if b) in case c) unless d) when

6 A: Do you think I should take the job?
B: You shouldn’t do anything……………………… you think its the right thing to do.
a) if b) in case c) unless d) when


C. Viết câu thứ hai sao cho có nghĩa tương tự với câu đã cho sẵn. Bắt đầu bằng “If...”

► I haven’t got a key, so I can’t get in.
If I had a key, I could get in.

1. You talk about football and I’m going to be very bored.
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2. The baby didn’t cry, so we had a good sleep.
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3. You may want a chat, so just give me a ring.
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4. Jack hasn’t got satellite TV, so he can’t watch the game.
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5. You go away and I’ll miss you.
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6. I’m not rich or I’d have given up working long ago.
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7. We should have bought that picture five years ago because it would be quite valuable now.
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8. Throw a stone into water and it sinks.
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D. Viết câu đúng.

► There aren’t any eggs. If-we have some-eggs I could make an omelette.
If we had some eggs, I could make an omelette.

1. The weather doesn’t look very good. If it’ll rain Ill stay here.
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2. The programme is starting soon. Can you tell me-if-it starts?
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3. Could you just listen? I didn’t need-to-repeat-things-all-the time if-you listened.
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4. It’s a simple law of science. If air will get-warmer-it rises.
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5. There’s only one key. I’d-better-get another one made-if-I-lose-it.
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6. We were really late. I wish we-left home-earlier.
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7. I hope the parcel comes today. If it won’t arrive-today, we’ll-have-to complain.
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8. That radio is on loud. I wish-someone-turns it-down.
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9. We must do something. Until-we act quickly it’ll-be too late.
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10. Of course, Mark was angry. But he hadn’t been angry if you hadn’t damaged his stereo.
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