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Chủ đề: 15.2 Unreal conditionals

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  1. #1
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    15.2 Unreal conditionals

    Câu điều kiện giả định (câu điều kiện loại 2)

    Chúng ta sử dụng câu điều kiện giả định để diễn tả một mối liên hệ giữa hai sự việc không có thật ở hiện tại
    Công thức: if+ past tense + would/could/might + V
    • If I got the job, I'd move to London.
    • If you lived closer, we'd visit you more often.
    Động từ khiếm khuyết would dễn tả sự chắc chắn trong khi could và might diễn tả khả năng có thể xảy ra hoặc sự cần thiết
    • If he knew what was going on, he would tell us what to do
    • If you came in the summer, you could stay with us and you might even get your own room.
    Quá khứ bàng thái cách (to be --> were cho tất cả các ngôi) cũng được sử dụng trong câu điều kiện giả định
    • If I were you, I'd go.
    Khi dùng would trong mệnh đề if là khi ta muốn diễn tả một kết quả mong đợi, kỳ vọng.
    • If he would only behave himself, I'd take him with me.
    • If it would stop raining, we'd go.
    Câu điều kiện không có thật (câu điều kiện loại 3)

    Câu điều kiện không có thật diễn tả mối liên hệ giữa hai sự kiện không bao giờ có thể xảy ra. Người ta thường dùng câu điều kiện loại 3 để diễn tả sự tiếc nuối về những điều không thể xảy ra ở hiện tại
    Công thức: if+ past perfect, would/could/might have + past participle
    • He didn't call me. I didn't help him. --> If he had called me, I would have helped him.
    • If I had been you, I wouldn’t have given up so easily.
    Động từ khiếm khuyết would dễn tả sự chắc chắn trong khi could và might diễn tả khả năng có thể xảy ra hoặc sự cần thiết
    • If she had asked us, we might have known how to fix it, or we could have tried at least.
    • If he had known the facts, he could have told us what to do
    • If he had known the facts, he might have told us what to do
    F.L.Y.
    First Love Yourself
    Others will come next

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    Vượt ngàn trùng sóng tvmthu has a reputation beyond repute tvmthu has a reputation beyond repute tvmthu has a reputation beyond repute tvmthu has a reputation beyond repute tvmthu has a reputation beyond repute tvmthu has a reputation beyond repute tvmthu has a reputation beyond repute tvmthu has a reputation beyond repute tvmthu has a reputation beyond repute tvmthu has a reputation beyond repute tvmthu has a reputation beyond repute tvmthu's Avatar
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    Re: 15.2 Unreal conditionals

    A. Complete each sentence with an unreal conditional using information from the sentences above it.

    Example:
    I don't have extra pens. I won't give you one.

    1. I don't know Jason's phone number. I can't tell him what happened.
    If _____________

    1. She didn't prepare for the test. She didn't pass.
    If _____________
    1. You didn't warn us about the bad weather. I didn't bring a raincoat.
    If _____________

    1. I'm not in your situation. I'll start looking for another job.
    If _____________
    B. Choose one of these verbs for each space in this text

    decided - were - would contribute - would start
    started - had started - would cost - would have contributed
    wanted - could do - would end up - could have paid

    How many times have you heard, 'If I (1) _______________ you, I (2) _______________ saving now for retirement.'? If you (3) _______________ to have £100,000 at age 65, you (4) _______________ it for as little as £31 per month. The earlier you start, the lower your monthly payments will be and the lower your total payment (the amount you contribute) will be.

    Look at Sandra. She's 24 now. Beginning next year, if she (5) _______________ investing £31 every month, she (6) _______________ only £14,880 in total over forty years. So, she'd invest less than £15,000 in total and receive £100,000 from her investment.

    Now look at David. He's 55. If he (7) _______________ investing at 30, he (8) _______________ only £46 every month and (9) _______________ £19,320. But if he (10) _______________ to start investing now, it (11) _______________ £552 every month and he (12) _______________ paving a total of £66,240. Doesn't it make sense to start early?
    F.L.Y.
    First Love Yourself
    Others will come next

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