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Chủ đề: 54. A, some, any, no

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  1. #1
    Mới nở littlesaigon will become famous soon enough littlesaigon's Avatar
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    54. A, some, any, no

    $54. A, SOME, ANY, NO

    1. Hãy xem những ví dụ sau:

    A book

    Some books

    Some food

    No water

    2. Chúng ta sử dụng “a” với danh từ đếm được số ít:


    (ví dụ: book, motorbike, friend):

    I bought a book yesterday.

    Do you have a motorbike?

    He doesn't have a friend.

    3. Chúng ta sử dụng “some” hoặc “any” với danh từ đếm được số nhiều (pens, friends, books):


    I bought some new pens yesterday.

    Jack doesn't have any friends.

    Do you have any books about America?

    4. Chúng ta sử dụng “some” hoặc “any” với danh từ không đếm được (milk, information, advice, news, music, tea, toast, bread, food, water, rain, money):

    I haven't got any water.

    Did local people give you any bread?

    I would like some tea, please.

    5. THỂ KHẲNG ĐỊNH:

    Chúng ta thường sử dụng “some” trong câu khẳng định:

    She took some photographs.

    I'd like some advice, please.


    Nhưng đôi khi chúng ta sử dụng “any” như sau:

    You can come here at any time.

    (= It doesn't matter when you come here.)

    Take any computer.

    (= It doesn't matter which computer you take.)

    6. THỂ PHỦ ĐỊNH

    Chúng ta thường sử dụng “any” trong câu phủ định:

    I didn't see any good films last month.

    They haven't got any water.

    Chúng ta đôi khi dùng “no”, thay vì “not…any”:

    I'm terribly sorry, there are no buses to the theatre.

    The shops are shut, and we've got no milk.

    7. CÂU HỎI:

    Chúng ta sử dụng “any” trong câu hỏi:

    Do you speak any Chinese?

    Nhưng chúng ta sử dụng “some” khi yêu cầu thứ gì đó:

    Can you give me some advice?

    Chúng ta cũng sử dụng “some” khi chúng ta mời ai dùng cái gì đó:

    Would you like some milk?
    Lần sửa cuối bởi littlesaigon, ngày 09-07-2012 lúc 03:38 PM.

  2. #2
    Dạn dày sương gió xathutreonhanhdudu is just really nice xathutreonhanhdudu is just really nice xathutreonhanhdudu is just really nice xathutreonhanhdudu is just really nice xathutreonhanhdudu is just really nice xathutreonhanhdudu's Avatar
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    Re: Articles, nouns, pronouns, etc.

    A, SOME, ANY, NO

    EXERCISE:

    A. Đặt những từ trong ngoặc đơn ( ) theo đúng thứ tự để tạo thành câu có nghĩa.

    ► A: Can I help you, sir?
    B: Yes, please. I'd like to buy some furniture for my bed-room.
    (to buy - for my bed-room -furniture - I'd - some - like)

    1. A: Shall we go downtown this morning?
    B: Why?____________________________
    (shops open today. - any - There - aren't)


    2. A: _______________________________
    (Can I - milk, please? - some - have)
    B: Of course. How much would you like?

    3. A: _______________________________
    (any - in Manchester? - theatres - Are there)
    B: I don't know. We can find out at the Tourist Information Centre.

    4. A: I'd like to go to Beijing, please.
    B: Certainly, sir. _________________________
    (any - You - train from platform 8. - can take)

    5. A: I'd love to go to South Dakota.
    B: Really? _____________________________
    (you speak - English? - Do - any)

    6. A: I'm hungry! We haven't eaten all day. Look at that wonderful restaurant!
    B: Wait a moment! ____________________________________
    (money - with us. - We haven't - any - brought)


    B. Chuyển những câu sau sang thể phủ định. Sử dụng “not…any”.

    ► We've got some photos of our trip.

    We haven’t got any photos of our trip.

    1.She gave me some information.
    _____________________________

    2. There are some good plays at the theatre this week.
    ____________________________________________

    3. You'll find some sandwiches in the cupboard.
    ____________________________________________

    4. There are some emails for you today.
    ____________________________________________

    5. Mike had some heavy luggage with him at the airport.
    ____________________________________________

    6.They saw some snow on the mountains this afternoon.
    _____________________________________________

    C. Tommy and Kathy đang lên kế hoạch cho danh sách mua sắm. Hãy hoàn thành đoạn hội thoại với “a”, “some”, “any” hoặc “no”.

    Tommy: We haven't got (►) any eggs so we need to buy (►) some .

    Kathy: No, no. There are (1)_____ in the fridge, but there's (2)____ butter

    Tommy: OK, butter. Now, we've got (3)____ fruit in the living-room but we haven't got enough for the weekend so we need to buy (4)____ more. What else?

    Kathy: We want to have (5)_____ salad for lunch, I think.

    Tommy: Yes, of course. So we need (6)_____ lettuce. Oh, and (7)_____
    tomatoes because there aren't (8)_____ in the kitchen.

    Kathy: We must buy (9)_____ bottle of oil as well.

    Tommy: OK, and I want to buy (10)_____ newspaper because there's (11)
    ______football match on TV this afternoon but I don't know what time it starts.

    Kathy: But there are (12)_____ football matches today because the weather is so bad. We can go and see (13)______ film instead.

    Tommy: Oh, all right. Anyway, are there (14)______ more things to put on the list?

    Kathy: No, I think that's everything. I hope you've got (15)______ money because I haven't got (16)_____.

    Kathy: OK. Put (17)______ coat on and get (18)______shopping bag and we're ready.
    Lần sửa cuối bởi xathutreonhanhdudu, ngày 11-05-2012 lúc 03:51 PM.

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