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Chủ đề: Đề Thi Tiếng Anh Lớp 12

  1. #11
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    Re: Đề Thi Tiếng Anh Lớp 12

    Tiếng Anh Lớp 12 Đề Thi Số 9 - Đề Thi Số 9

    Đọc đoạn văn sau và trả lời các câu hỏi:

    A balanced diet contains proteins, which are composed of complex amino acids. There are 20 types of amino acids, comprising about 16 percent of the body weight in a lean individual. A body needs all 20 to be healthy. Amino acids can be divided into two groups: essential 5 and nonessential. There are 9 essential amino acids. These are the proteins that the body cannot produce by itself, so a healthy individual must ingest them. The 11 nonessential amino acids, on the other hand, are produced by the body, so it is not necessary to ingest them. Proteins are described as being either high-quality or low-quality, 10 depending on how many of the 9 essential amino acids the food contains. High-quality proteins, typically found in animal meats, are proteins that have ample amounts of the essential amino acids. Low-quality proteins are mainly plant proteins and usually lack one or more of the essential amino acids. Since people who follow a strict vegetarian 15 diet are ingesting only low-quality proteins, they must make sure that their diets contain a variety of proteins, in order to ensure that what is lacking in one food is available in another. This process of selecting a variety of the essential proteins is called protein complementation. Since an insufficient amount of protein in the 20 diet can be crippling, and prolonged absence of proteins can cause death, it is imperative that a vegetarian diet contains an ample amount of the essential proteins.


    1. With what topic is this passage primarily concerned?











    2. The word "lean" in line 3 could be best replaced by











    3. The word "ingest" in line 7 is closest in meaning to which of the following?









    4. The word "ample" in line 13 is closest in meaning to which of the following?











    5. Which of the following would NOT be an example of a low-quality protein?











    6. As used in line 14, which of the following words is closest in meaning to "strict"?











    7. According to the passage, a vegetarian could die from insufficient protein ingestion if he or she











    8. Which of the following is closest in meaning to the word "crippling" as used in line 20?











    9. Which of the following words could best replace the word "prolonged" in line 20?











    10. In line 21, the word "imperative" can be best replaced by











    11. Which of the following best describes the author's tone in this passage?











    12. Which statement best describes the organization of this passage?










  2. #12
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    Re: Đề Thi Tiếng Anh Lớp 12

    Tiếng Anh Lớp 12 Đề Thi Số 10 - Đề Thi Số 10

    Đọc đoạn văn sau và trả lời các câu hỏi:

    The peregrine falcon, a predatory bird indigenous to North America, was once in danger of extinction. In the 1960s, scientists discovered byproducts of the pesticide DDT in the birds' eggs, which caused them to be too soft to survive. The use of the pesticide had been 5 banned in the United States, but the falcons were eating migratory birds from other places where DDT was still used. In order to increase the survival rate, scientists were raising the birds in laboratories and then releasing them into mountainous areas. This practice achieved only moderate success, however, because many of the birds raised 10 in captivity could not survive in the wild.


    There is now, however, a new alternative to releases in the wild. A falcon that has been given the name Scarlett chose to make her home on a ledge of the 33rd floor of a Baltimore, Maryland, office 15 building rather than in the wild, and, to the surprise of the scientists, she has managed to live quite well in the city. Following this example, programs have been initiated that release birds like Scarlett into cities rather than into their natural wild habitat. These urban releases are becoming a common way to strengthen the species. Urban homes 20 have several benefits for the birds that wild spots do not. First, there is an abundance of pigeons and small birds as food sources. The peregrine in the city is also protected from its main predator, the great horned owl. Urban release programs have been very successful in reestablishing the peregrine falcons along the East Coast. Though 25 they are still an endangered species, their numbers increased from about 60 nesting pairs in 1975 to about 700 pairs in 1992. In another decade the species may flourish again, this time without human help.
    1. What is the main topic of the passage?











    2. In line 1, the phrase "indigenous to" could be best replaced by











    3. The word "byproducts" in line 3 could best be replaced by which of the following?











    4. In line 5, the word "banned" could be best replaced by











    5. Which of the following words is closest in meaning to the word "rate," as used in line 7?











    6. In line 7, the word "raising" most probably means











    7. Why were the peregrine falcons in danger?











    8. The word "releases" as used in line 12 most probably means











    9. The word "ledge" in line 14 is closest in meaning to











    10. According to the passage, which of the following is NOT a reason why a falcon might choose to live in a city?











    11. According to the passage, which of the following are the falcon's main predators?











    12. As used in line 20, the word "spots" could best be replaced by











    13. According to the passage, where have the release programs been the most successful?










  3. #13
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    Re: Đề Thi Tiếng Anh Lớp 12

    Tiếng Anh Lớp 12 Đề Thi Số 11 - Đề Thi Số 11

    Đọc đoạn văn sau và trả lời các câu hỏi:

    Jan Dibbets may someday have his work revered as much as his Dutch predecessors Vermeer, Van Gogh, and Rembrandt. At a time when the trends in art are toward abstraction and minimalism, Dibbets' work integrates these two disparate trends into one remarkable whole. 5 In one series of composite works, he arranged sections of architectural photographs into rounded patterns. Then, with pen and ink and watercolors, he connected the segments together into 360-degree circular forms blending the abstract with the real and the imagined. The imaginary images resemble the views of ceilings in gothic, baroque, and neo-classical 10 buildings as they might be seen from the ground floor.


    1. What does this passage mainly discuss?











    2. Which of the following words could best replace the word "revered" in line 1?











    3. As used in line 2, what is the meaning of the word "time"?











    4. The word "disparate" in line 4 is closest in meaning to











    5. The author implies that











    6. The word "remarkable" as used in line 4 could be best replaced by











    7. As used in line 5, the word "works" could be best replaced by which of the following?











    8. As described in this passage, Dibbets used all of the following elements EXCEPT











    9. The word "segments" as used in line 7 refers to











    10. The word "neo-classical" in line 9 refers to










  4. #14
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    Re: Đề Thi Tiếng Anh Lớp 12

    Tiếng Anh Lớp 12 Đề Thi Số 12 - Đề Thi Số 12

    Đọc đoạn văn sau và trả lời các câu hỏi:

    Carnegie Hall, the famous concert hall in New York City, has again undergone a restoration. While this is not the first, it is certainly the most extensive in the building's history. As a result of this new restoration, Carnegie Hall once again has the quality of sound 5 that it had when it was first built.


    Carnegie Hall owes its existence to Andrew Carnegie, the wealthy owner of a steel company in the late 1800s. The hall was finished in 1891 and quickly gained a reputation as an excellent performing arts hall 10 where accomplished musicians gained fame. Despite its reputation, however, the concert hall suffered from several detrimental renovations over the years. During the Great Depression, when fewer people could afford to attend performances, the directors sold part of the building to commercial businesses. As a result, a coffee shop was opened 15 in one corner of the building, for which the builders replaced the brick and terra cotta walls with windowpanes. A renovation in 1946 seriously damaged the acoustical quality of the hall when the makers of the film Carnegie Hall cut a gaping hole in the dome of the ceiling to allow for lights and air vents. The hole was later 20 covered with short curtains and a fake ceiling, but the hall never sounded the same afterwards.


    In 1960, the violinist Isaac Stern became involved in restoring the hall after a group of real estate developers unveiled plans to demolish 25 Carnegie Hall and build a high-rise office building on the site. This threat spurred Stern to rally public support for Carnegie Hall and encourage the City of New York to buy the property. The movement was successful, and the concert hall is now owned by the city. In the current restoration, builders tested each new material for its 30 sound qualities, and they replaced the hole in the ceiling with a dome. The builders also restored the outer walls to their original appearance and closed the coffee shop. Carnegie has never sounded better, and its prospects for the future have never looked more promising.


    1. This passage is mainly about











    2. The word "extensive" in line 3 could be best replaced by which of the following?











    3. In line 11, what is the meaning of the word "detrimental"?











    4. What major change happened to the hall in 1946?











    5. Who was Andrew Carnegie?











    6. Which of the following words could best replace the word "gaping" in line 18?











    7. The word "fake" in line 20 is most similar to which of the following?











    8. What was Isaac Stern's relationship to Carnegie Hall?











    9. What was probably the most important aspect of the recent renovation?











    10. Which of the following is closest in meaning to the word "unveiled" in line 24?











    11. The author uses the word "spurred" in line 26 to show that Stern











    12. How does the author seem to feel about the future of Carnegie Hall?











    13. Which of the following would most likely be the topic of the next paragraph?










  5. #15
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    Re: Đề Thi Tiếng Anh Lớp 12

    Tiếng Anh Lớp 12 Đề Thi Số 13 - Đề Thi Số 13

    Đọc đoạn văn sau và trả lời các câu hỏi:

    Situated in the central mountains of Alaska, a peak named Denali rises 20,320 feet above sea level. It is the highest peak in North America and the center of Denali National Park. One of America's greatest wilderness areas, the park has had limited access to visitors, but 5 in spite of this tourism rose from under 6,000 visitors in 1950 to over 546,000 visitors in 1990. The increasing popularity of this park is prompting serious discussions about the future use of Denali as well as how to preserve wilderness areas in general.


    10 One important issue of land use arises when parts of National Parks are owned by individuals. In Denali, though most of the land in this vast tract of more than a million acres is owned by the National Park Service, several thousand acres are still privately owned as mining tracts. These mining tracts in Denali were once abundant sources 15 of gold, but they were sources of heavy metals such as arsenic and lead that polluted rivers and streams.


    Environmentalists were successful in getting the government to require mining companies to submit statements showing the potential impact 20 of a mining project before they are allowed to begin mining. Because of this requirement, many individuals closed their mines and some sold their land to the National Park Service. Some land owners, however, are wondering if it is better to sell their land to the government or keep it for possible future use. Tourism in this previously remote 25 area is bound to rise, as more roads are built to provide easier access to the park. This increase in the number of visitors creates a demand for hotels and other real estate development. The economic implications of this are of interest to the land owners, but are dismaying to those interested in preserving the wilderness.


    1. What is the primary focus of this passage?











    2. The word "wilderness" in line 4 could be best replaced by the word











    3. The word "prompting" in line 7 could best be replaced by which of the following?











    4. As used in line 8, which of the following is most similar to the word "preserve"?











    5. The word "arises" in line 10 could be best replaced by











    6. The word "tract" as used in line 12 refers to which of the following?











    7. Which of the following is most similar to the word "abundant" in line 14?











    8. According to the passage, which of the following are pollutants in the Denali area?











    9. Which of the following is closest in meaning to the phrase "potential impact" in line 19?











    10. The author infers that some mine owners might hesitate to sell their land to the Park Service for which of the following reasons?











    11. What is the author's purpose in writing this passage?











    12. Which of the following would most likely be the topic of the next paragraph in this passage?










  6. #16
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    Re: Đề Thi Tiếng Anh Lớp 12

    Tiếng Anh Lớp 12 Đề Thi Số 14 - Đề Thi Số 14

    Đọc đoạn văn sau và trả lời các câu hỏi:

    Sharks have gained an unfair reputation for being fierce predators of large sea animals. Humanity's unfounded fear and hatred of these ancient creatures is leading to a worldwide slaughter that may result in the extinction of many coastal shark species. The shark is the 5 victim of a warped attitude of wildlife protection; we strive only to protect the beautiful, non-threatening parts of our environment. And, in our efforts to restore only non-threatening parts of our earth, we ignore other important parts.


    10 A perfect illustration of this attitude is the contrasting attitude toward another large sea animal, the dolphin. During the 1980s, environmentalists in the United States protested the use of driftnets for tuna fishing in the Pacific Ocean since these nets also caught dolphins. The environmentalists generated enough political and economic 15 pressure to prevent tuna companies from buying tuna that had been caught in driftnets. In contrast to this effort on behalf of the dolphins, these same environmentalists have done very little to help save the Pacific Ocean sharks whose population has decreased nearly to the point of extinction. Sharks are among the oldest creatures 20 on earth, having survived in the seas for more than 350 million years. They are extremely efficient animals, feeding on wounded or dying animals, thus performing an important role in nature of weeding out the weaker animals in a species. Just the fact that species such as the Great White Shark have managed to live in the oceans 25 for so many millions of years is enough proof of their efficiency and adaptability to changing environments. It is time for us humans, who may not survive another 1,000 years at the rate we are damaging the planet, to cast away our fears and begin considering the protection of sharks as an important part of a program for protection of all 30 our natural environment.


    1. With which of the following topics is this passage primarily concerned?











    2. Which of the following is most similar to the meaning of the word "warped" in line 5?











    3. In line 12, the word "protested" is closest in meaning to which of the following?











    4. In line 14, the word "generated" could be best replaced by











    5. How did environmentalists manage to protect dolphins?











    6. About how long have sharks lived on the planet?











    7. The author uses the phrase "weeding out" in line 22-23 to mean











    8. In line 24, the phrase "managed to live" is used to infer that











    9. The word "proof" in line 25 could be best replaced by which of the following?











    10. In line 28, the phrase "to cast away" means most nearly











    11. What is the author's tone in this passage?











    12. Which of the following best describes the organization of this passage?










  7. #17
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    Re: Đề Thi Tiếng Anh Lớp 12

    Tiếng Anh Lớp 12 Đề Thi Số 15 - Đề Thi Số 15

    Đọc đoạn văn sau và trả lời các câu hỏi:

    It is very difficult to succeed in the music business; nine out of ten bands that release a first record fail to produce a second. Surviving in the music industry requires luck and patience, but most of all it requires an intricate knowledge of how a record company 5 functions. The process begins when a representative of a company's Artists and Repertoire (A & R) department visits bars and night clubs, scouting for young, talented bands. After the representative identifies a promising band, he or she will work to negotiate a contract with that band. The signing of this recording contract is a slow process. 10 A company will spend a long time investigating the band itself as well as current trends in popular music. During this period, it is important that a band reciprocate with an investigation of its own, learning as much as possible about the record company and making personal connections within the different departments that will handle 15 their recordings.


    Once a band has signed the contract and has finished recording an album, the Publicity and Promotions department takes over. This department decides whether or not to mass produce and market the band's album. 20 Most bands fail to make personal contacts in this second department, thus losing their voice in the important final process of producing and marketing their album. This loss of voice often contributes to the band's failure as a recording group.


    1. Which of the following statements best expresses the main idea of the passage?











    2. As used in line 2, what is the meaning of the word "release"?











    3. The phrase "an intricate" in line 4 could be best replaced by which of the following?











    4. According to the passage, the initial contact between a band and a recording company is made by











    5. The word "reciprocate" as used in line 12 could be best replaced by which of the following?











    6. The word "investigation" in line 13 is closest in meaning to which of the following?











    7. Which of the following words is most similar to the word "handle" as used in line 14?











    8. As used in line 18, what is the meaning of "takes over"?











    9. The author mentions that a band's success is dependent on all of the following factors EXCEPT











    10. According to the passage, the Publicity and Promotions department











    11. The author uses the phrase "losing their voice" in lines 21 to illustrate that they











    12. It can be inferred from the passage that










  8. #18
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    Re: Đề Thi Tiếng Anh Lớp 12

    Tiếng Anh Lớp 12 Đề Thi Số 16 - Đề Thi Số 16

    Đọc đoạn văn sau và trả lời các câu hỏi:

    About 200 million years ago, as the Triassic Period came to a close, many species of animals disappeared from the face of the Earth. Scientists previously believed that the series of extinctions happened over a period of 15 to 20 million years. Recent discoveries in Nova Scotia 5 suggest, however, that the extinctions may have happened over a much shorter period of time, perhaps less than 850,000 years.

    Evidence for a rapid extinction of species at the end of the Triassic Period is found in the McCoy Brook Formation along the Bay of Fundy 10 in Nova Scotia. Fossils found in this formation indicate a rapid disappearance of species rather than a slow and gradual change over time. One explanation for a relatively sudden extinction at the end of the Triassic may be that a large meteorite struck the earth at the time and is responsible for a 70- kilometer hole nearby. If geologists 15 and other researchers can find evidence, such as shocked quartz in the rock formations, that a meteorite did strike the earth, it would give more credence to the theory of rapid Triassic extinctions. It is possible, however, that even if a rapid extinction happened in and around Nova Scotia, it did not necessarily occur in the rest 20 of the world.


    1. What is the main topic of this passage?











    2. Which of the following could best replace the word "close" as used in line 1?











    3. The author uses the phrase "the face of the Earth" in line 2 in order to











    4. All of the following were mentioned in the passage EXCEPT











    5. Which of the following is closest in meaning to the word "relatively" in line 12?











    6. Where in the passage does the author give evidence for the argument?











    7. According to the passage, what would give evidence that a meteorite struck the earth?











    8. Which of the following could best replace the word "struck" as used in line 13?











    9. Which of the following is most probably the meaning of "shocked quartz" in line 15?











    10. In line 16, "it" refers to











    11. Which of the following could best replace the word "credence" in line 17?











    12. Which of the following best describes the author's tone?










  9. #19
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    Re: Đề Thi Tiếng Anh Lớp 12

    Tiếng Anh Lớp 12 Đề Thi Số 17 - Đề Thi Số 17

    Đọc đoạn văn sau và trả lời các câu hỏi:

    Alzheimer's disease impairs a person's ability to recall memories, both distant and as recent as a few hours before. Although there is not yet a cure for the illness, there may be hope for a cure with a protein called nerve growth factor. The protein is produced by 5 nerve cells in the same region of the brain where Alzheimer's occurs. Based on this relationship, scientists from the University of Lund in Sweden and the University of California at San Diego designed an experiment to test whether doses of nerve growth factor could reverse the effects of memory loss caused by Alzheimer's. Using a 10 group of rats with impaired memory, the scientists gave half of the rats doses of nerve growth factor while giving the other half a blood protein as a placebo, thus creating a control group. At the end of the four-week test, the rats given the nerve growth factor performed equally to rats with normal memory abilities. While the experiments 15 do not show that nerve growth factor can stop the general process of deterioration caused by Alzheimer's, they do show potential as a means to slowing the process significantly.


    1. With what topic is this passage mainlyconcerned?











    2. The word "impairs" in line 1 is most similar to which of the following?











    3. According to the passage, where is nerve growth factor produced in the body?











    4. Which of the following is closest in meaning to the word "region" as used in line 5?











    5. Which of the following is closest in meaning to the word "doses" in line 8?











    6. Which of the following could best replace the word "reverse" as used in line 9?











    7. Which of the following can be inferred from the passage?











    8. The passage most closely resembles which of the following patterns of organization?











    9. Which of the following is closest in meaning to the word "deterioration" in line 16?











    10. Which of the following could best replace the word "potential" in line 16?











    11. Which of the following could best replace the word "significantly" in line 17?











    12. The relationship between nerve growth factor and a protein is similar to the relationship between Alzheimer's and










  10. #20
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    Re: Đề Thi Tiếng Anh Lớp 12

    Tiếng Anh Lớp 12 Đề Thi Số 18 - Đề Thi Số 18

    TOEFL Exams: Reading Comprehension - Lesson 18 (Đọc hiểu - TOEFL - Bài 18) Đọc đoạn văn sau và trả lời các câu hỏi:

    Until recently, hunting for treasure from shipwrecks was mostly fantasy; with recent technological advances, however, the search for sunken treasure has become more popular as a legitimate endeavor. This has caused a debate between those wanting to salvage the wrecks and those 5 wanting to preserve them.
    Treasure hunters are spurred on by the thought of finding caches of gold coins or other valuable objects on a sunken ship. One team of salvagers, for instance, searched the wreck of the RMS Republic, 10 which sank outside the Boston harbor in 1900. The search party, using side-scan sonar, a device that projects sound waves across the ocean bottom and produces a profile of the sea floor, located the wreck in just two and a half days. Before the use of this new technology, such searches could take months or years. The team of 45 divers searched 15 the wreck for two months, finding silver tea services, crystal dinnerware, and thousands of bottles of wine, but they did not find the five and a half tons of American Gold Eagle coins they were searching for.
    20 Preservationists focus on the historic value of a ship. They say that even if a shipwreck's treasure does not have a high monetary value, it can be an invaluable source of historic artifacts that are preserved in nearly mint condition. But once a salvage team has scoured a site, much of the archaeological value is lost. Maritime archaeologists 25 who are preservationists worry that the success of salvagers will attract more treasure-hunting expeditions and thus threaten remaining undiscovered wrecks. Preservationists are lobbying their state lawmakers to legally restrict underwater searches and unregulated salvages. To counter their efforts, treasure hunters argue that without the 30 lure of gold and million-dollar treasures, the wrecks and their historical artifacts would never be recovered at all.
    1. What is the main idea of this passage?











    2. The word "sunken" in line 2 is closest in meaning to which of the following words?











    3. Which of the following is closest in meaning to the word "legitimate" in line 3?











    4. Which of the following could best replace the phrase "a profile" as used in line 12?











    5. Which of the following statements is best supported by the author?











    6. The author uses the word "services" in line 15 to refer to which of the following?











    7. The author uses the phrase "mint condition" in line 23 to describe











    8. All of the following were found on the RMS Republic EXCEPT











    9. From the passage, you can infer that a preservationist would be most likely to











    10. The word "scoured" in line 23 is most similar to which of the following?











    11. In line 30, what is the closest meaning to the word "lure"?











    12. The second and third paragraphs are an example of










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